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Assessing retinopathy and reducing the risks

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How often do I need to check my eyes?

If you have diabetes, assessment/screening for retinopathy should be conducted at least once a year,4,7 and more often if there is damage already present. If you have type 2 diabetes, an assessment should also be performed when you are first diagnosed with diabetes.4 If diabetic retinopathy is discovered early, lifestyle changes and/or treatment can prevent it from worsening.7

How do I reduce my risk of diabetic retinopathy?

If you control your sugar levels, blood pressure and cholesterol, your chances of developing retinopathy will be lower. Adhere to your diabetes medications, and remember about lifestyle factors too—keep a healthy weight, have a healthy diet, be physically active and avoid alcohol and smoking. Attend your screening appointments and seek medical attention promptly if there is anything amiss with your vision or eyes.6,7 Test your blood sugar and urine ketone levels regularly.5